Routine Eye Examinations
Having a routine eye examination is an important part of assessing your eye health. An eye examination is important if you have any of the following conditions or symptoms:
- An infection, injury, or eye pain
- The sudden appearance of floaters or flashes of lights in your eyes
- If you wear contact lenses
- If you have a family history of eye disease
- If you have diabetes
- If you have high blood pressure
- If you are a senior citizen, 65 years of age or older
The Eye Examination
During your eye examination, your doctor or a staff member will review your medical history and overall general health, ask you what medications you are taking, and if you wear corrective lenses and conduct some, if not all, of the following tests:
- Vision test using the eye chart with and without your corrective lenses
- Examine the pupils of your eyes
- Examine your peripheral vision. A loss of your side vision may indicate glaucoma.
- The ocular motility of your eyes to determine if your eye muscles are working properly and your eyes are in alignment
- The pressure within your eyes with a tonometry test. This test will test for glaucoma.
- A slit lamp exam to check for cataracts, scars, or scratches that may be present on your cornea
- If your eyes are dilated, your retina and optic nerve will be examined to check for signs of damage due to disease
- Refraction of the eyes to determine the prescription for eyeglasses. The refraction will also determine the degree of farsightedness (hyperopia), nearsightedness (myopia), astigmatism, and presbyopia in your eyes.
- A test for color blindness
- A retinoscopy test to approximate a prescription for eyeglasses
Most eye problems may be found during a routine eye examination. Having regular eye examinations can help detect eye conditions or diseases when they are most treatable. If there is a need for further tests so that your eyes can be examined further, the doctor will let you know so they can be scheduled.